Obesity - A Disease?

Yes! Obesity is a chronic, non-communicable progressive disease stated by the World Health Organization (WHO) along with national and International medical and scientific societies.

Impact of Obesity Worldwide

Worldwide more than 1.9 billion adults are overweight and 650 million are obese. Approximately 2.8 million deaths are reported being overweight or obese. In India, more than 135 million individuals are affected by obesity. Urban females (36.2%) are more overweight and obese than males (30.6%) in India when compared with the rural population. Shockingly Tamilnadu ranks 5th place (28.2%) of adults and Puducherry holds 2nd place (37.1) in obesity among Indian states as per the latest data.

Causes for Obesity

70 years of research says obesity is not simply due to poor self-control or a lack of willpower. Pathophysiology says conditions that govern body weight are homeostatic mechanisms involved in sensing and adapting to changes in the Body's internal metabolism, Environmental food availability, and Activity levels to maintain the body's weight and fat stability. This leads to unwanted weight gain maintenance and the roles that excess weight and fat misdistribution play in contributing to chronic diseases such as diabetes, dyslipidemia, heart diseases, NAFLD, and other diseases.

Obesity Diseases

Excess weight may increase the risk for many health problems including,

  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Heart Diseases
  • Hypertension & Cardiovascular diseases
  • Sleep apnea / Respiratory problems
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Infertility
  • Certain types of Cancer
  • GERD/Heartburn
  • Fatty liver/ NASH
  • Kidney Disease
  • Psychological issues
  • Pregnancy problems